Right To Education (RTE) The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009
In this Article
What is Right to Education (RTE) Act.
Eligibility for RTE Admissions?
How to Apply for RTE?
Benefits of RTE Education?
Documents Required for RTE Admissions
Selection Process for RTE Admissions
RTE in Different States of India
About Right to Education (RTE)/ RTE Admissions
Right to Education (RTE)/ RTE Admission or The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 which represents the consequential legislation envisaged under Article 21-A, Article 21-A which was inserted in the Constitution of India (Eighty-sixth Amendment) Act, 2002 to provide free and compulsory education of all children in the age group of six to fourteen years as a Fundamental Right in such a manner as the State may, by law, determine.
Article 21-A and Right to Education (RTE) enacted in the parliament of India on 4 August 2009, and the act came into force on 1 April 2010. India is the one of the 135 countries to make education a fundamental right of every child when Right to Education Act (RTE). With this, India has improved in rights based framework that casts a legal obligation on the Central and State Governments to implement this fundamental right of children as in the Article 21A of Indian constitution
Right to Education Act provide free and compulsory education it means the eligible children from 6-14 age group gets admitted in to private schools based on economic status or caste based reservations and obligation of the appropriate Government and local authorities to provide and ensure admission attendance and completion of elementary education by all children.
Right to Education Act makes mandatory for all private schools to reserve 25% of seats for RTE students (State Government will reimburse 25% seat amount as part of the public-private partnership plan.
Prohibitions of Right to Education (RTE) Act.
- Physical punishment and mental harassment of the child.
- Screening procedures or interview of the child or parents for admission of children.
- Capitation fee or donation and any other fee for taken by schools.
- Private tuition or coaching classes running by teachers.
- Prohibits running of schools without recognition from
Right to Education Act ensure that no child shall be held back, failed and expelled, or required to pass a board examination until the completion of elementary education. The act also has provision for special training of school drop outs them up with students of same age and class.
On 7 May of 2014, The Supreme Court of India ruled that Right to Education Act is not applicable to Minority institutions.7th May 2014, The Supreme Court of India ruled.
Eligibility for RTE Admissions
Children in the age group of 6-14 year are eligible for admission under RTE
a) For admission in L.K.G Child should be in the age group between 3 years 10 months to 4 years 10 months.
b) For admission in 1 Standard / Grade Child should be in the age group between 5 years 10 months to 6 years 10 months.
Family income should not exceed more 3.5 lakhs from all the sources are eligible for RTE.
Children who belongs to weaker section and backward community of society.
Children who belongs to disadvantaged group of society like Orphans, HIV affected/Infected Child, Transgender, Child with special needs, Migrant and street child.
How to apply for RTE Admission?
- To apply for RTE follow the following steps
- STEP 1:- Visit the official website of RTE Click here to visit the website.
- STEP 2:- Register and Get your application number registered on the system. The application number and password will be communicated on your registered mobile.
- STEP 3:- After Getting your application number log in your account Enter child details, parent details.
- STEP 4:- Locate the address accurately to list schools within 1 KM and within 1-3 KM range from your house.
- STEP 5:- After selecting the schools select the required standard.
- STEP 6:- Upload the required documents and Confirm the application.
- STEP 7:- After final submission, take the printed application along with the required documents for your future reference.
Benefits of Right To Education (RTE)
- Right to Education (RTE) or Right of children to free and compulsory education till completion of elementary education in applicants neighborhood school.
- It makes provisions for a non-admitted child to be admitted to an age appropriate class to bring them up to par with students of the same age.
- The RTE Act, provides for rational deployment of teachers by ensuring that the specified pupil teacher ratio is maintained for each school.
- Act, lays down the norms and standards relating inter alia to Pupil Teacher Ratios (PTRs), buildings and infrastructure, school-working days, teacher-working hours.
- It provides for appointment of appropriately trained teachers in schools, i.e. teachers with the necessary academic qualifications.
- Children’s are admitted in to private schools free of cost, no capitation fees and no interview of the child or parent for admission.
Documents required for the Right to Education (RTE)
- Income and Caste Certificate issued by competent authority
- Birth certificate of applicant for Eligibility of age (Click here for age eligibility online)
- Aadhaar card or Aadhaar Enrollment number of applicants or and
- Aadhaar card of applicants parent (address proof).
Lottery Logic for School allocation (Provisional)
- The schools having more vacancies and less number of applications will allot the seats to all applicants.
- The schools having less vacancy will use a lottery system. The lottery will be drawn and generated by the district administration i.e. Education officer, Primary for the district.
- All the eligible candidates should be considered for all their preferred school’s allotment. No candidates will be dropped after the allotment for one school. E.g. if the candidate applied for 5 schools, he/she may be allotted to all 5 schools or less than 5 schools.
- For the allotment, priority should be given to candidates residing within the range of 1 KM radius from the school and then for the candidates residing within the range of 2-3 KM radius from the schools applied.
- After the completion of School allotments to the candidates residing within the radius of 1 KM, candidates residing within the radius of 2-3 KM will be considered for the remaining vacancies with the lottery logic as explained below.
- The selection list will be published on the system.
- The list will be made available under application login for parents. The admit card can be printed.
- Schools will admit the students as approached by parents after completing the necessary requirements.
Lottery Logic/Lottery Process
Lottery Process (Physical):
1. Lottery will be carried out in the auditorium.
2. There will be a number of bowls exactly equal to the digits of the maximum number of applications received for any of the schools applicable & is a part of this process.
eg. Max. No. of applications received for XYZ school is 599. Hence as the number of digits in 386 is = 3, bowls taken in consideration for the draw of
a. First Bowl for
b. Second Bowl for Second
c. Third Bowl for Third last digit – 0-5 digits (Assuming that max no. of applications per school not greater than 599)
3. In the auditorium, one of the parent / candidate (Person) will be called for collecting the digits from the bowls.
4. The Person will pick the chits having digits 0 to 9 randomly from first bowl, then from second bowl, then 3rd Bowl one by one.
5. Chits will be taken out from all the three bowls one by one for last digit, second last digit & third last digit respectively.
6. There is a situation where
7. All the rounds of collecting all the chits from bowls will be carried out one by one serially at the same time.
8. All the digits will be entered in the software, serially round wise in the table mentioned below:
|Sl. No||3rd Last Digit Bowl||2nd Last Digit Bowl||Last Digit Bowl|
9. After writing all the digits in the system, the process of lottery in the system will start by pressing a button ‘GENERATE LOTTERY’
Lottery Process (System Logic) for RTE Admissions:
First Round of Allocation for candidates residing within the range of 1KM radius from the schools applied.
- Generate List of Schools with no. of applications within the range of 1 KM radius.
- Arrange the schools on descending order on the basis of no of applications received for 1 km.
- Check the schools with their 25% reservation vacancies.
- Allocate all the candidates to the schools whose no of applications are equal or less than the 25% reservation vacancies.
- Actual lottery logic will be implemented for the schools which are remaining i.e. whose vacancy is less than the no. of applications received.
- Arrange the remaining schools in descending order on the basis of no. of applications received.
- Generate the school wise list of candidates for the remaining schools
a. All the candidates who applied to the school will be considered
b. The list will be generated on the order of application form number.
c. Serial No will be generated from 1 to max. no of applications. (Sample Data attached in sample data sheet)
- Order the data with respect to Last digit, second last digit & Third Last Digit. (Sample Data attached in ordering sheet)
- Get the Vacancy of the school and allot the no of candidates as per the vacancy from top to bottom till the vacancy exists as per the Serial no order. (Marked in color in ordering sheet.) e.g. If the school has 300 Capacity, as per 25% reservation , the vacancy will be 75. Please check the lottery table, as the third last digit will be max 2 in 299 candidates/applications, so in ordering as per the order of lottery table 2,0 & 1 will be considered.
- So all the vacancies will be filled.
- Same logic will be applicable for all the remaining schools for its 1 km areas candidates.
- Same logic will be considered for 2-3 km candidates for the remaining vacancies from point no 1 to 10.
RTE Admissions for Different States of India
|Karnataka||http://schooleducation.kar.nic.in/pryedn/rteadmissions.html Also Check https://www.freshershome.com/12850/right-to-education-rte-2019-20-application-form/|
|Jammu & Kashmir||http://ssa.jk.gov.in/|
|Andaman & Nicobar Islands||http://www.ncert.nic.in/departments/nie/esd/pdf/Andaman&NicobarIslands.pdf|
|Daman & Diu||https://daman.nic.in/education.aspx|
|Dadra & Nagar Haveli||https://daman.nic.in/education.aspx|
|MHRD RTE Rules||https://mhrd.gov.in/rte_rules|
|RTE State Rules||https://mhrd.gov.in/rte_state_rules|
Last updated 2nd July 2019